Index: Demographics / Subcategory: Demographics

Adoptions

Date updated: 03/19/2013

Adoption is a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relationship and entitles the adoptive child to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit). The procedure can be lengthy, as adoptive parents must be evaluated to determine their suitability as parents.

Filing for a 'petition of adoption' is one of the final steps in the process; approval of the petition transfers guardianship to the adoptive parents. The term disruption is used to describe an adoption which fails before legalization, resulting in the child returning to foster care and/or to another set of adoptive parent(s). Most adoptions do not disrupt before legalization and between 75% and 90% are successfully finalized. Attempted adoptions involving older children, children with histories of previous placements, or children with longer stays in the foster care system are more likely to disrupt.

The term dissolution is used to describe an adoption that fails after legalization, resulting in the child returning to foster care and/or another set of adoptive parent(s). Most legalized adoptions do not dissolve with between 90% and 99% remaining intact after legalization.

[Information taken from U.S. Department of Health & Human Services]

What this chart shows: Adoption Filings in Larimer County,
FYE 2003 - FYE 2012

*Based on the fiscal year (July 1st - June 30th)

Data Source: Colorado Judicial Branch Annual Statistical Reports

See data table

What the above data tell us:

Overall, domestic adoption filings in Larimer County have decreased nearly 33% in the last decade.

In addition to the 151 domestic adoption filings, an additional 275 foreign adoptions were finalized between October 2011 and September 2012.

What this chart shows: United States International Adoptions,
FYE 2003 - FYE 2012

*Based on the federal fiscal year (October 1st - September 30th)

Data Source: United States Department of State - Bureau of Consular Affairs

See data table

What the above data tell us:

Over the last decade, international adoptions peaked in FYE 2004 and have dropped steadily since then. The recent decline in international adoptions is most likely attributable to stricter adoption policies by China and Russia, the two biggest sources for United States adoptions for nearly a decade. As the number of adoptions from Russia and China decreased, Guatemala became a favorite for American adoptive parents. In May 2008, Guatemalan adoptions were suspended after the discovery that some babies were being kidnapped and sold. In FYE2012, only seven Guatemalan adoptions were finalized by Americans.

In May 2007, China placed several restrictions on who could adopt in China, and according to the U.S. State Department, there was a 39.5% drop in the number of immigrant visas issued to Chinese orphans between 2007 and 2008.

What this chart shows: Top 5 Countries for United States Adoptions, FYE 2012

*Based on the federal fiscal year (October 1st - September 30th)

Data Source: United States Department of State - Bureau of Consular Affairs

See data table

What the above data tell us:

In nine of the last ten years, China provided the largest number of babies for American international adoptions. In May 2007, China placed several restrictions on adoptive parents, resulting in a steady decline in the number of children adopted from China. Over the last ten years, the highest number of Chinese babies adopted in the United States took place in 2005 (7,903) and has declined 66% since then.

All of the top five countries from which Americans adopted the most children in 2012 allowed fewer adoptions in FYE2012 than in FYE2011. Adoptions from Russia and South Korea are declining because both countries are making efforts to increase domestic adoptions whenever possible.

The states with the highest number of foreign-born adoptions are California, Texas, New York, Illinois and Florida.

Additional Information:


Related Information on COMPASS-

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Industry Standards or Targets:

N/A

Data Tables:

Adoption Filings

Year*

Colorado

Number of Filings

Larimer County

Number of Filings

FYE 2003

2,956

224

FYE 2004

2,896

200

FYE 2005

2,905

206

FYE 2006

2,521

209

FYE 2007

2,665

228

FYE 2008

2,873

181

FYE 2009

2,237

186

FYE 2010

2,589

173

FYE2011

2,669

161

FYE2012

2,567

151

*Fiscal Year July 1 through June 30

See chart

International Adoptions to the United States

Year*

Number of Adoptions

FYE 2003

21,654

FYE 2004

22,991

FYE 2005

22,734

FYE 2006

20,680

FYE 2007

19,608

FYE 2008

17,456

FYE 2009

12,744

FYE 2010

11,058

FYE2011

9,319

FYE2012

8,668

*Federal Fiscal Year October 1 through September 30

See chart

Top 5 Countries for United States Adoptions, FYE 2012*

Country

Number of Adoptions

China

2,697

Ethiopia

1,568

Russia

748

South Korea

627

Ukraine

395

*Federal Fiscal Year October 1 through September 30

See chart